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2 edition of High-resolution structures of photosynthetic reaction centers found in the catalog.

High-resolution structures of photosynthetic reaction centers

Johann Deisenhofer

High-resolution structures of photosynthetic reaction centers

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Published by Annual Reviews Inc. in Palo Alto, Calif .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Photocopy of: Annual review of biophysics and biophysical chemistry.Vol. 20: 1991/Donald M. Engelman. Palo Alto, Calif.: Annual Reviews Inc., 1991, pp.247-266.

StatementJohann Deisenhofer, Hartmut Michel.
ContributionsMichel, Hartmut., Engelman, Donald M.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16564797M

Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities. This chemical energy is stored in carbohydrate molecules, such as sugars, which are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water – hence the name photosynthesis, from the Greek phōs (), "light", and sunthesis .   A relationship of sequence with structure was derived from the reaction center structures; with characteristic decay length of Å. Phylogenetic trees derived from the structural alignments give insights into the earliest photosynthetic reaction center, strongly suggesting that it was a homodimeric complex that did not evolve by: Define photosystem and reaction center. State that the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis begin at Photosystem II. Outline process of photoactivation of the reaction center chlorophyll. State that in photoactivation at Photosystem II, the reaction center chlorophyll is oxidized and the plastoquinone (Pq) is reduced.


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High-resolution structures of photosynthetic reaction centers by Johann Deisenhofer Download PDF EPUB FB2

High-Resolution Structures of Photosynthetic Reaction Centers Annual Review of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry Vol. (Volume publication date June )Cited by: High-resolution structures of photosynthetic reaction centers.

Deisenhofer J(1), Michel H. Author information: (1)Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas Cited by: This volume contains the contributions from the speakers at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Structure of the Photosynthetic Bacterial Reaction Center X-ray Crystallography and Optical Spectroscopy with Polarized Light" which was held at the "Maison d'Hotes" of the Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache in the South of France, September, Brand: Springer US.

The availability of the photosynthetic reaction center's structure at an atomic resolution of less than three angstroms has revolutionized research. This protein is the first integral membrane protein whose structure has been determined with such Edition: 1.

The availability of the photosynthetic reaction center's structure at an atomic resolution of less than three angstroms has revolutionized research. This protein is the first integral membrane protein whose structure has been determined with such precision.

Results of this third Feldafing Meeting can be considered as the harvest of novel techniques in spectroscopy, biochemistry and molecular biology to the bacterial photosynthetic reaction center. New information pertains to the crystallographic and electronic structure as well as to the dynamics of primary events and the role of the protein.

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the high-resolution crystal structures of bacterial photosynthetic reaction centers. Photosynthetic Reaction Centers (RCs) are membrane-spanning complexes of polypeptide chains and cofactors that catalyze the first steps in the conversion of light energy to chemical energy during by: 4.

Johann Deisenhofer, Hartmut Michel, in Photosynthetic Reaction Center, I Introduction. The photosynthetic reaction center (RC) of the purple bacterium Rps. viridis was the first integral membrane protein whose three-dimensional structure could be determined at atomic resolution.

The RC consists of four protein subunits, called H, L, M, and cytochrome, and 14 cofactors. Over the next decade, a small number of additional high-resolution structures of membrane proteins were solved and, as with the photosynthetic reaction center, most of these proteins were obtained from abundant natural sources (reviewed in Sakai and Tsukihara, ).

In fact, almost every membrane protein for which an abundant natural source is known and a purification strategy has been established has proven amenable to structure determination.

All available evidence supports the hypothesis that the photosynthetic reaction center (RC)—the pigment-protein complex in which electromagnetic energy (i.e., photons of visible or near-infrared light) is converted to chemical energy usable by an organism—arose once in Earth’s by: The book contains articles written by experts and world leaders in their respective fields and summarizes the exciting breakthroughs toward understanding the structures and mechanisms of the photosynthetic apparatus as well as efforts toward developing revolutionary new energy conversion technologies.

The photosynthetic reaction centers found in photosystems I and II of oxygenic organisms (cyanobacteria, red and green algae, higher plants), and in the photosynthetic bacteria that contain a single photosystem, are multisubunit membrane protein complexes that function as remarkable photochemical devices.

Request PDF | Structure of a symmetric photosynthetic reaction center–photosystem | Reaction centers are pigment-protein complexes that drive photosynthesis by converting light into chemical energy.

A high-resolution structural study sheds light on processes of energy transfer within the photosynthetic water-splitting machinery of by: Anoxygenic Photosynthetic Bacteria is a comprehensive volume describing all aspects of non-oxygen-evolving photosynthetic bacteria.

The 62 chapters are organized into themes of: Taxonomy, physiology and ecology; Molecular structure of pigments and cofactors; Membrane and cell wall structure: Antenna structure.

Photosystem II is the site of photosynthetic water oxidation and contains 20 subunits with a total molecular mass of kDa. The structure of photosystem II has been reported at resolutions from Cited by:   Further differentiation in photosynthetic organisms is found in the structure and arrangement of the antenna pigments associated with each RC.

The RC from heliobacteria features a very simple organization with a core containing approximately 40 chlorophyll g and no additional auxiliary peripheral antenna proteins (2).

High resolution imaging of photosynthetic activities of tissues, cells and chloroplasts in leaves Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Experimental Botany 52().

Updates on the crystal structures of cytochrome f, ATP synthase and photosystem I are presented and a section on molecular biology and evolution of the photosynthetic apparatus is also included. The chapters in this book provide a comprehensive overview of photosynthetic reactions in eukaryotic thylakoids.

Suzuki, H., Sugiura, M. & Noguchi, T. Monitoring water reactions during the S-state cycle of the photosynthetic water-oxidazing center: detection of the DOD bending vibration by means of Fourier Cited by:   While several high-resolution structures are known for the RC and LH2, the structures of LH1 remained at low resolutions.

Here, the crystal structure of a LH1-RC complex from thermophilic purple sulfur bacterium Thermochromatium tepidum is described. This complex is characterized by an enhanced thermostability and an absorption maximum at Cited by: 4.

The NATO Advanced Research Workshop entitled "The Photosynthetic Bacterial Reaction Center: Structure, Spectroscopy, and Dynamics" was held May, in the Maison d'H6tes of the Centre d'Etudes Nuc1eaires de Cadarache near Aix-en-Provence in the south of France.

This workshop is the most. Abstract. Proton transfer in the bacterial reaction center associated with the reduction of the bound secondary quinone, Q B, plays an important role in the energetics of photosynthetic have used site-directed mutagenesis to delineate the proton transfer pathways from the external aqueous solution to Q B in the hydrophobic interior of the by: 4.

A photosynthetic reaction center is a complex of several proteins, pigments and other co-factors that together execute the primary energy conversion reactions of photosynthesis.

Molecular excitations, either originating directly from sunlight or transferred as excitation energy via light-harvesting antenna systems, give rise to electron transfer reactions along the path of a series. Antennas and reaction centers of photosynthetic bacteria: structure, interactions, and dynamics: proceedings of an international workshop, Feldafing, Bavaria, F.R.G., MarchFluorescence-Detected Magnetic Resonance of the Antenna Bacteriochlorophyll Triplet States of Purple Photosynthetic Bacteria.- High-Resolution 1H NMR of.

In recent years, there has been great progress in the determination of high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) structures of membrane proteins. The first major breakthrough came with the crystallization (1) and X-ray crystallography (2,3) of the bacterial photosynthetic reaction center (see refs.

4 and 5 for reviews). The structure of another, entirely different membrane protein. This approach has enabled the molecular structures of two bacterial photosynthetic reaction centres to be solved at high resolution by X-ray crystallographyeach of which has provided.

Photosynthetic reaction centre proteins are main protein components of photosynthetic reaction centres of bacteria and plants. They are transmembrane proteins embedded in the chloroplast thylakoid or bacterial cell membrane. Plants have one type of PRC for each of its two photosystems. Non-oxygenic bacteria, on the other hand, have an RC resembling either the InterPro: IPR Chromophore organization in photosynthetic reaction centers: High-resolution magnetophotoselection Steven G.

Boxer and Mark G. Roelofs Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California Cited by: 9. Site-directed spin labeling (SDSL) is a technique for investigating the structure and local dynamics of proteins using electron spin theory of SDSL is based on the specific reaction of spin labels with amino acids.A spin label's built-in protein structure can be detected by EPR spectroscopy.

SDSL is also a useful tool in examinations of the protein folding process. The bulk of the light-absorbing molecules in known photosynthetic organisms -except Heliobacteria -are not positioned within the photosynthetic reaction centers, but in separate peripheral light.

Abstract. High resolution x-ray diffraction data from crystals of the Rhodobacter sphaeroides photosynthetic reaction center (RC) have been collected at cryogenic temperature in the dark and under illumination, and the structures were refined at. The reaction center (RC) of photosynthetic bacteria is a membrane protein complex that promotes a light-induced charge separation during the primary process of photosynthesis.

In the photosynthetic electron transfer chain, the soluble electron carrier proteins transport electrons to the RC and reduce the photo-oxidized special-pair of Cited by:   Deisenhofer J, Michel H.

High-resolution structures of photosynthetic reaction centers. Annu Rev Biophys Biophys Chem. ; – Vos MH, Lambry JC, Robles SJ, Youvan DC, Breton J, Martin JL. Femtosecond spectral evolution of the excited state of bacterial reaction centers at 10 K.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Jan 15; 89 (2)–Cited by: The specificity of the structure of photosynthetic reaction centers, which makes them efficient in excitation trapping and conversion. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology75 (3), DOI: /biol Architecture of the Photosynthetic Oxygen-Evolving Center Article (PDF Available) in Science () April with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Topics Oct 12 Photosynthetic Reaction centers Oct 17 Structural and mechanism of photosynthetic water oxidation Oct 19 Spectroscopy techniques Oct 24 Protein chemistry, chemical and posttranslational modification Oct 26 Proteomics References: 1.

Biochemistry, Voet et al. Chapter 19 and 2. Protein structure and Function, Petsko and Ringe et Size: 3MB. Get this from a library. Antennas and Reaction Centers of Photosynthetic Bacteria: Structure, Interactions and Dynamics. [M E Michel-Beyerle] -- The workshop on "Antennas and Reaction Centers of Photosynthetic Bac teria" was held at Feldafing, Bavaria (F.R.G.)' MarchThis workshop focussed on primary processes with emphasis on.

Here we present X-ray diffraction data recorded from microcrystals of the Blastochloris viridis photosynthetic reaction centre to Å resolution and determine its serial femtosecond crystallography structure to Å resolution.

Although every microcrystal is exposed to a dose of 33 MGy, no signs of X-ray-induced radiation damage are. submicroscopic structures, involved in photosynthesis.

We will begin with a survey of the main photosynthetic structure of the plant, the leaf (A). Although the leaf is considered the center of photosynthesis (this is where the highest rate of photosynthesis takes place), this process also occurs in cells of the plant stem.

Photosynthesis - Photosynthesis - Structural features: The intricate structural organization of the photosynthetic apparatus is essential for the efficient performance of the complex process of photosynthesis.

The chloroplast is enclosed in a double outer membrane, and its size approximates a spheroid about 2, nm thick and 5, nm long.

The light-harvesting 1–reaction centre (LH1–RC) complex is a key functional component of bacterial photosynthesis. Here we present a Å resolution cryo-electron microscopy structure of the Cited by: 9.Biological organization: macromolecular interactions at high resolution.

and Brian W. Matthews --The rhodopsins of Halobacterium halobium / Walther Stoeckenius --Structure and function in photosynthetic reaction centers / Steven G. Boxer --The name\/a> \" Biological organization: macromolecular interactions at high resolution\/span.